Shares in Snapchat’s owner have sunk after it reported disappointing growth in the first three months of the year.
In its first results since floating, Snap said the number of daily active users rose just 5% to 166 million compared with the last three months of 2016.
That was two million fewer than expected, but 36% higher than the same period last year.
The news sent shares tumbling more than 20% in after-hours trading in New York.
Snap’s adjusted loss of $188.2m was about $10m higher than analysts had expected, while the net loss soared to $2.2bn from $104.6m due to costs associated with the IPO earlier this year.
Revenue rose 286% for the quarter to almost $150m, but was also short of forecasts by about $9m.
By Dave Lee, BBC North America technology reporter
Investors weren’t expecting much – and they were still bitterly disappointed. Huge losses, poor growth, and no strong sign that the company has anything enticing enough up its sleeve to fight off Facebook’s competition.
Snap chief executive Evan Spiegel said its low daily active user numbers were due to not bugging users with constant notifications and updates. I don’t buy that, and investors shouldn’t either.
Snapchat is among the most intrusive apps on your smartphone. Not only does it alert you to new messages, it evens tells you to when someone is typing. Enough already.
What Snap needed today was some big announcements about exclusive content with media companies. There wasn’t one.
On the conference call, one investor asked for some examples of what might be coming in the future – a chance to be optimistic. Mr Spiegel didn’t give him one.
Snapchat isn’t going anywhere fast – it has plenty of money in the bank. But Facebook, with its aggressive copying of major features, has Snapchat on the ropes.
Evan Spiegel, co-founder and chief executive, said on a conference call the company had been working on performance improvements and promoting its Android app, which could offer more growth globally compared with Apple’s iOS.
“We still have a lot of work to do, but we are excited by the amount of progress we have made in such a short time,” he said.
Asked if he feared Snap would be crushed by Facebook, Mr Spiegel replied: “You have to get comfortable with the fact that people are going to copy you if you make great stuff. Just because Yahoo has a search box, it doesn’t mean they’re Google.”
Many analysts remained sceptical of Snap’s long-term prospects. Ross Gerber of Gerber Kawasaki tweeted: “Snap user growth is almost zero. Losing $50 mil a month. This is so poorly run. Run and hide. This is worse than Twitter.”
Snapchat launched in 2012 as a mobile app that allows users to send photos that vanish within seconds.
On their first day of trading in New York in March, Snap shares closed 44% higher at $24.48, valuing the company at $28bn. The $3.4bn it raised made the float the richest US technology company listing since Facebook five years earlier.
The shares closed at $22.98 on Wednesday, but are likely to sink on Thursday following the 23% fall in after-hours trading to $17.65.